Design and Implementation of Rural Electrification Framework using Photovoltaic
N. Rishikesh1, N. systemP. Gopika2

1N. Rishikesh*, Assistant professor of Electrical and Electronics Engineering at Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Erode.
2N. P. Gopika, Department Assistant professor of Electrical and Electronics Engineering at Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Erode

Manuscript received on April 11, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on May 15, 2020. | Manuscript published on June 30, 2020. | PP: 434-438 | Volume-9 Issue-5, June 2020. | Retrieval Number: E9616069520/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.E9616.069520
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Abstract: The need to electrify all rural areas in India is quite compelling. However, the focus has now shifted from traditional fuel-based systems to generate electricity to renewable sources for energy generation. Though there are subsidies and policies that encourage the use of solar Photovoltaic (PV) systems, there is a need for an appropriate framework. This framework could not only offer substantial directions but it would also act as grounds to enhance rural electrification in India using solar PVs. From this perspective, the current research attempts to structure an innovative framework for solar PV system that could facilitate rural electrification in India. In particular, the district of Damoh in Madhya Pradesh was chosen as there are many villages without electricity in this district. PVsyst software was utilized to simulate the outcomes that included mathematical models and diverse components based on PV, for simulation. Three designs were developed to facilitate the simulation. These included; PVs linked with microgrid devoid of battery, individual PV systems without microgrid link and solar PVs linked to microgrid with battey. The framework for rural electrification using solar PVs will offer policy makers with insights with regards to implementing PV systems. It will also offer inputs as to the feasibility of implementing a specific system on several parameters. These would comprise of; number of households within a village, detached households etc. Nonetheless, research in future is also warranted to explore the scope for other sources of renewable energy. 
Keywords: Rural electrification, electrification framework, solar PV, solar irradiation, micro grid