Developments in Lower Limb Exoskeletons For Rehabilitation Application
Bvnr Siva Kumar1, Raghavendra Sharma2, D Sreenivasa Rao3

1Bvnr Siva Kumar ,Department of ECE, Laki Reddy Bali Reddy College of Engineering, Mylavaram, A.P., India.
Raghavendra Sharma, Department of ECE,Amity University Madhya Pradesh, Maharajpura Dang, Gwalior M. P., India.
D. Sreenivasa Rao, Department of ECE, JNTUH College of Engineering, Kukatpally, Hyderabad T.S., India.
Manuscript received on July 20, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on August 10, 2019. | Manuscript published on August 30, 2019. | PP: 240-246 | Volume-8 Issue-6, August 2019. | Retrieval Number: E7421068519 /2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.E7421.088619
Open Access | Ethics and Policies | Cite | Mendeley
© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (

Abstract: As per the Census 2011, In India, 2.68 Crore people are disabled out of 121 crore population. Of these, 20 % of the people are suffering with disability in movement. Exoskeletons are for Augmenting, Assisting and Rehabilitating the needy people. Exoskeletons are mainly classified into Human augmentation, Assistive and Rehabilitation. Rehabilitation exoskeletons are used in Therapeutic training to bring the affected people into their normal life. In stroke patients and SCI affected people, normal walking becomes difficult. For these people, Gait training is given to restore. This could be with either fixed Setup on a Treadmill, preferably in Hospitals and Therapy centers or Mobile devices for personal use. Many devices are developed around the Globe for walking practice. Also, for Hip-knee-ankle- foot movement. Modular designs with Assist-when-needed technology make these models effective. Recently developed models are taken for review. Commercial models available in the market are also presented with their features.
Keywords: Exoskeleton, Lower Limb, Rehabilitation, Electromyogram.