Re-Engineering Leadership Communication by Mobile Technology: Comparative Effect on Intra-team Communication, Job Satisfaction and Job Performance
Mohd Yusri Ibrahim1, Zurita Othman2
1Mohd Yusri Ibrahim, Centre for Fundamental and Liberal Education, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia.
2Zurita Othman, Unit Sciences and Mathematics, Sekolah Kebangsaan Padang Kemunting, Terengganu, Malaysia.
Manuscript received on 18 June 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 25 June 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 June 2019 | PP: 1185-1190 | Volume-8 Issue-5, June 2019 | Retrieval Number: E7438068519/19©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Through the phase of the 4th Industrial Revolution, the concept of organizational leadership needs to change in line with the rapid of digital climates. Compared to adopting conventional leadership that require leaders and followers to meet face-to-face, organizational leaders today are urged to practice virtual leadership communications, allowing leaders of the organization to continue practicing function of leadership although being away from their employees. Despite various expectations, previous studies have shown that organizational leaders are still less interested in changing conventional leadership practices to digital-based leadership, especially by using mobile technology. This study was conducted to compare mobile technology-based e-leadership practices toward intra-team communication within the organization, job satisfaction and job performance. This cross-sectional survey involved 1033 school leaders in Malaysia. Data were collected through questionnaire, and analysed by SPSS software which is focusing on independent sample t-test and multiple linear regression for hypothesis testing. The findings show that organizational leaders who practice e-leadership at high level have greater impact on intra-team communication, job satisfaction and job performance compare than the school leaders who practicing low-level e-leadership. Since the use of mobile technology in leadership has a major impact on work performance, it is recommended that all leaders of the organization be optimally practicing e-leadership in their leads. To achieve that goal, the responsible parties need to carry out of campaigns, training, incentives and any encourage acts to increase the use of mobile technology in organizational leadership.
Keywords: Leadership Communication, E-Leadership, Digital Leadership, Virtual Leadership
Scope of the Article: Smart Grid Communications