Design and Implementation PV Energy System for Electrification Rural Areas.
Ndagijimana, M. Tech1, b. Kunjithapathan2

1Ndagijimana, Asst. Professor, Department of EEE., Prist University Vallam Thanjavur (Tamil Nadu), India.
2B. Kunjithapathan, Asst. Professor, Department of EEE., Prist University Vallam Thanjavur (Tamil Nadu), India.

Manuscript received on 18 June 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 25 June 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 June 2019 | PP: 2340-2352 | Volume-8 Issue-5, June 2019 | Retrieval Number: E6953068519/19©BEIESP
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Abstract: Solar energy generation utilizes solar cell or photovoltaic cell devices to convert the energy of light directly into electricity. There are two main types of solar energy technology: Photovoltaic and solar thermal. In recent it has proved that the population increased and the need for energy and its related services to satisfy human social and economic development and healthy is increasing .Fossil fuel are limited in supply and will one day depleted also cause global warming and air or water pollution so renewable energy such as solar, wind, Biomass, geothermal, hydropower energy are required to satisfy our needs. Most of developing countries are poor in conventional fossil fuel resources and have to import them so, a decentralized system of solar equipment installed at the village level is one among technically feasible solutions. Solar power offers many advantages in the generation of electricity. it is zero raw fuel cost and no environmental issues such as rejection of carbon dioxide(CO2) in atmosphere like conventional energy source. The factors influencing power generation from solar panel are irradiance and temperature. The components of standalone power generation system are: Solar cells, solar charge controller, solar battery, inverter and load. This paper focused on design and implementation photovoltaic energy system installed near the clients. It has many applications such as: powering rural health clinic, health post, health center, Radio Base station in Telecom industries, water pumping, refrigeration and electrification household in rural areas. In this study we have done:
➢ Design standalone solar energy system to supply power to a single family having load of 8006W
➢ Experiment of implementation solar energy system to supply a load of 180 watts as sample. Thus thanks to the result of the experiment realized making it possible to confirm the hypothesis, the reality and future utility of our study and to draw conclusions and recommendations.
Keywords: Implementation, Photovoltaic System, Stand-Alone, Infinite Source Energy, Low Cost Energy, Clean Energy.

Scope of the Article: Low-power Design