Fabrication of Solar Cells by using Nano-materials and Oxide Composites
Ather Rehman1, Muhammad Aamir Shafi2, Nasrullah Khan3
1Ather Rehman, Department of Electrical Engineering, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan.
2Muhammad Aamir Shafi, Department of Electrical Engineering, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan.
3Nasrullah Khan, Department of Electrical Engineering, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Manuscript received on 13 June 2017 | Revised Manuscript received on 20 June 2017 | Manuscript Published on 30 June 2017 | PP: 293-302 | Volume-6 Issue-5, June 2017 | Retrieval Number: E5086066517/17©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Solar Energy is eco-friendly source of energy that can easily be harnessed. ZnO based solar cells were produced. There were number of methods available for synthesis of ZnO like co-precipitation method, sol gel method and gas phase reaction method. ZnO was synthesized using co-precipitation method. It is important to mention here that ZnO particles that were deposited on the ITO slides were produced using ZnCl2 and NaOH in the presence of De Ionized Water. XRD and SEM of ZnO particles were obtained and it is noted that the ZnO sample that was produced in the lab was in good condition. XRD and SEM of thin films was also obtained and analyzed. By the help of these results we were able to know about the structure of ZnO and the phase purity of the thin film. Similarly, crystalline size of nano particles of ZnO was also calculated by applying the Debye Scherrer Formula on the results of XRD of thin films. In the end, IV characteristics of the thin films were obtained by the help of simulator in the presence of light as well as in the dark region.
Keywords: Bandgap, Insolation, Irradiation, Photovoltaic, PV Module, Pyranometer , Solar Cell .
Scope of the Article: Low-power design