Earthquake Risks and Effects of Earthquake Load on Behavior of Wood Frame Structure by Using International Residential Code (IRC)
Mahdi Hosseini1, Hadi Hosseini2, Seyed Amin Ahmadi Olounabadi3, Ahmad Hosseini4
1Mahdi Hosseini , Ph.D. scholar student in Structural Engineering, Dept. of Civil Engineering, Aligarh Muslim University (AMU), Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh , India
2Dr. Hadi Hosseini, Ph.D. Aerospace Engineering, working in International Earthquake Research Center of America (IERCA),
3Seyed Amin Ahmadi Olounabadi, Ph.D. scholar student in Computer Science and Engineering, Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University Hyderabad (JNTUH), Hyderabad (Telangana), India.
4Ahmad Hosseini, Graduate Student in Mechanical Engineering, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Kakatiya University ,Warangal, Telengana, India.
Manuscript received on 15 June 2015 | Revised Manuscript received on 25 June 2015 | Manuscript Published on 30 June 2015 | PP: 8-24 | Volume-4 Issue-5, June 2015 | Retrieval Number: E3987064515/15©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: This paper discusses the earthquake-resistance implications of additions and alterations and provides recommendations and references for earthquake upgrades. This paper provides information on current best practices for earthquake-resistant house design and construction for use by builders, designers, code enforcement personnel, and potential homeowners at hill regions. It also introduces and explains the effects of earthquake loads on one- and two-family detached houses with wood frame structure and identifies the requirements of the 2003 International Residential Code (IRC) intended to resist these loads. The paper was a timely intervention aiming to strengthen the institutional capacities at all levels for reducing seismic risks, and to plan and implement earthquake risk reduction and disaster recovery preparedness measures in selected municipalities. The paper was greatly contributed to earthquake preparedness planning and safe construction practices for new buildings and retrofitting of existing poorly constructed unsafe buildings in Hilly regions. Post earthquake damage survey revealed that 90% of casualties result directly from the collapse of buildings that had usually no earthquakeresistant features. Mainly the paper enhanced the skills of construction engineers, architects and masons about safe building design and construction.
Keywords: Earthquake, Construction, Hill Region, Safe Constructions, International Residential Code(IRC), Wood Frame Structure
Scope of the Article: Construction Engineering