Flexural behavior of Reinforced Fly Ash Concrete in Comparison to Reinforced Normal Concrete Beams in Terms of Load Deflection
B.K. Narendra1, T.M.Mahadeviah2
1Dr.B.K. Narendra, Principal, BGS Institute of Technology, B G Nagar, Karnataka, India.
2Dr. T.M. Mahadeviah, Department of Civil Engineering, BGS Institute of Technology, B G Nagar, Karnataka, India.
Manuscript received on November 14, 2014. | Revised Manuscript received on November 22, 2014. | Manuscript published on December 30, 2014. | PP: 45-51 | Volume-4 Issue-2, December 2014. | Retrieval Number: E3179063514/2013©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Fly ash is an excellent cement replacement material, either for blending during manufacturing of cement or as a separate addition at the batching plant during the manufacture of concrete at site or at ready mixed concrete facility. The 85 thermal power stations in India generate a huge quantity of Fly ash every year (140 million tonnes per year) as a by-product almost matching the annual production of cement. The dumping of Fly ash in open fields results in ecological and environmental problems. In such a situation, three factors – environmental protection, energy savings and the inherent advantages arising from the use of Fly ash demand that the construction industry examine closely the implication of the incorporation of Fly ash in concrete construction. Thus, there is worldwide interest in Fly ash utilization in concrete and this is reflected in the development currently taking place in the concrete industry. Hence, this paper present the investigation of comparison between the flexural behaviour of reinforced Fly ash concrete beams with that of reinforced normal concrete beams and increase the confidence levels of designers and other beneficiaries in using reinforced Fly ash concrete as a structural material. The flexural behaviour of reinforced Fly ash concrete beams with different cement replacement levels (20%, 35% and 50%) are compared with reinforced normal concrete beams (with out containing Fly ash) under similar conditions. These investigations were conducted with three grades of concrete i.e. M30, M40 and M50. Deflection is one of the important serviceability limit states to be satisfied in the design of concrete structures. So the flexural behaviour of these beams is discussed in terms of load deflection behavior.
Keywords: Fly ash, cement replacement material, concrete beams, flexural behaviour of reinforced Fly ash concrete, load deflection.