Review Integral Abutment Bridge Behavior in Different Condition
Shaikh Tausif1, L.G.Kalurkar2
1Shaikh Tausif, Civil Engineering Department, Jawaharlal Nehru Engineering College, Aurangabad (Maharashtra), India.
2L.G.Kalurkar, Civil Engineering Department, Jawaharlal Nehru Engineering College, Aurangabad (Maharashtra), India.
Manuscript received on May 24, 2014. | Revised Manuscript received on June 02, 2014. | Manuscript published on June 30, 2014. | PP: 109-111  | Volume-3, Issue-5, June 2014.  | Retrieval Number:  E3137063514/2013©BEIESP

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Abstract: This paper presents findings of a literature review of behavior of Integral Abutment Bridge (IAB) , The purpose of the report is to identify problems and uncertainties, and to gain insight into the interactions between the foundation piles, the integral abutment, and the surrounding ground and Synthesize the information available on the general behavior of integral abutment bridges. Integral Abutment Bridge (IAB is joint less bridge in which the deck is continuous and monolithic with abutment walls. The outperform their non-integral counterparts in economy and safety. Their principal advantages are derived from the absence of expansion joints and sliding bearings in the deck, making them the most cost effective system in terms of construction, maintenance, and longevity. The main purpose of construction IAB is to prevent the corrosion of structure due to water seepage through joints. The simple and rapid construction provides smooth, uninterrupted deck that is aesthetically pleasing and safer for riding. The single structural unit increases the degree of redundancy enabling higher resistance to extreme events. To gain a better understanding of the mechanism of IAB, a comparative study is carried out on a typical IAB and a simply supported bridge. A literature review focusing on past numerical models of. A discussion on results of analysis of the IAB with different geometry and comparison with simply supported bridge and each experiencing same temperature change scenarios and same loading pattern is observed.
Keywords: Integral Abutment Bridge, Simply Supported Bridge, Soil Interaction, Comparison.