Modeling and Designed of a Monopole Antenna that Operate at 3.3 [GHz] for Future 5G sub 6 [GHz]
Gholam D Aghashirin1, MagedKafafy2, Hoda S. Abdel-Aty-Zohdy3, Mohamed A. Zohdy4, Adam Timmons5

1Gholam D Aghashirin*, Departmentof Electrical & Computer Engineering, Oakland University, Rochester, Michigan, USA
2Maged Kafafy, Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, Oakland University, Rochester, Michigan, USA
3Hoda S. Abdel-Aty-Zohdy, Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, Oakland University, Rochester, Michigan, USA
4Mohamed A. Zohdy, Departmentof Electrical & Computer Engineering, Oakland University, Rochester, Michigan, USA
5Adam Timmons, Departmentof Mechanical Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada.

Manuscript received on June 03, 2021. | Revised Manuscript received on June 10, 2021. | Manuscript published on June 30, 2021. | PP: 338-342 | Volume-10 Issue-5, June 2021. | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijeat.E28320610521 | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.E2832.0610521
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: Antenna unit is an importantpart of ADAS L2, L2+ and Automated Driving L3 systems. It needs to function as needed in dGPS, HD Map Correction Services, OEM Radios and Navigation Systems. The presented monopoleantenna model for 5G below 6 [GHz] operating at 3.3 [GHz] is developed. This work demonstrates the modeling, design, and determining of monopoleantenna with intended targeted applications within the automotive system emerging autonomous vehicles space and as well as 5G Wireless Cellular Technology domain. FEKO simulation is undertaken rather than mathematical modeling to create the structure and conduct the analysis of the proposed monopole antenna.In order to support the fifth generation (5G) of wireless communication networks, SOS messages, vehicle tracking, remote vehicle start, Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) L2, L2+/ Autonomous Driving (AD) L3 systems self-driving vehicles powered by 5G with rapidly growing sets of ADAS and AD features and functions within the autonomous space, USA cellular carriers mobile phone communication standard 4G MISO and 5G MIMO, LTE1, LTE2, connected functions, features/services, IoT, DSRC, V2X, and C-V2X applications and 5G enable vehicles destined for the NAFTA (USA, Canada and Mexico) market, a new single monopole antenna that operate at 3.3 [GHz] for future 5G (MIMO) below 6 [GHz] modeling, design and simulation with intended automotive applicability and applications is proposed. The presented novel new 5G below 6 [GHz] monopoleantenna: 1. Is not being investigated on the literatures review and published papers studied. 2. No paper exists on these frequency bands. 3. The desired monopole antenna is a new antenna with fewer components, reduction in size, low profile, competitive cost, better response to received RF signals for frequencies for future 5G below 6 [GHz] with each of the following: a. Range of operating frequencies, 0.6 [GHz] to 5.9256 [GHz]. b. Centerfrequency = 3.2628 [GHz] ~ 3.3 [GHz] for the above band. c. Lambda (λ) = (3.0 x10^8 [m/sec^2])/(3.3×10^9 [Hz])=0.090 [m] = 90 [mm], lambda (λ) /4 = (0.090 [m])/4=0.0225 [m]=22.5 mm ~ 23 [mm], the overall monopole antenna height.
Keywords: The presented novel new 5G below 6 [GHz] monopoleantenna:Is not being investigated on the literatures review and published papers studied.