EESRBM: Energy Efficient Stateless Receiver Based Multicast Protocol for Ad Hoc Networks
N. Muthuvairavan Pillai1, J. George Chellin Chandran2
1N.Muthuvairavan Pillai, Research Scholar, Principal, Ms University, CSI College Of Engineering Tirunelveli, Ooty.
2Dr. J. George Chellin Chandran, Research Scholar, Principal, Ms University, CSI College Of Engineering Tirunelveli, Ooty.
Manuscript received on May 22, 2013. | Revised Manuscript received on June 19, 2013. | Manuscript published on June 30, 2013. | PP: 138-142 | Volume-2, Issue-5, June 2013. | Retrieval Number: E1713062513/2013©BEIESP

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Abstract: Multicast routing is used to send the information or message to a group of destination nodes simultaneously in a single transmission from the source. Multicast routing protocols typically rely on the priori creation of a multicast tree (or mesh), which requires the individual nodes to maintain state information. This multicast state maintenance adds a large amount of communication, processing and memory overhead for no benefit to the application. Hence a stateless receiver-based multicast (RB Muticast) protocol was developed that simply uses a list of the multicast member’s addresses, embedded in packet headers to enable receivers to decide the best way to forward the multicast traffic. Nodes in Mobile Ad-hoc Networks (MANETs) are battery powered and hence have limited life time. This RB Muticast does not consider the energy of the nodes and hence a node may die due to its excessive utilization which can result in energy depletion problem and thereby affect overall network performance. This also makes the communication living time to decrease and communication cost to increase. Thus I have developed a stateless multicast protocol called “Energy Efficient Stateless RB Muti cast protocol for Ad Hoc Networks”. This protocol called EESRBM considers a hop with energy saving such that it holds low transmitting receiving costs and thereby selecting a long-lived path from source to destination. This protocol is more efficient than any of the existing multicast protocols.
Keywords: Mobile ad hoc networks, multicast routing, stateless, receiver-based communication, energy-efficiency.