Investigation of Adaptive Multipath Routing For Load Balancing In MANET
Bhavana Sharma1, Shaila Chugh2, Vishmay Jain3
1Bhavana Sharma, Dept. Information Technology, S.A.T.I., Vidisha, India.
2Prof. Shaila Chugh, Dept. Information Technology, S.A.T.I., Vidisha, India.
3Prof. Vishmay Jain, Dept. Information Technology, S.A.T.I., Vidisha, India.
Manuscript received on May 27, 2013. | Revised Manuscript received on June 16, 2013. | Manuscript published on June 30, 2013. | PP: 65-71 | Volume-2, Issue-5, June 2013. | Retrieval Number: E1700062513/2013©BEIESP

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Abstract: In mobile ad hoc network (MANET), congestion is one of the most important limitations that affect the performance of the whole network. Multi-path routing protocol can balance and share the load better than the single path routing protocol in ad hoc networks, thereby reducing the congestion possibility by dividing the traffic in alternative paths. The performance of the network can be improved by using a load balancing mechanism. Such a mechanism transfers load from overloaded nodes to under loaded nodes. The objective of multipath routing is to improve the reliability and throughput and favors load balancing. Multipath routing allows the establishment of multiple paths between a pair of source and destination node. It is typically proposed in order to increase the reliability of data transmission or to provide load balancing and has received more and more attentions. In this paper, some of the congestion removing and load balancing routing schemes have been surveyed. The relative strengths and weaknesses of the protocols have also been studied which allow us to identify the areas for future research.
Keywords: MANET, multipath routing, load balance and sharing.