The Use of Deductive and Inductive Approaches in Teaching Grammar for Afghan University Students of English and Literature Studies
Shahzadgul Ahmadzai1, Rahmatullah Katawazai2, Sandaran, SC3
1Shahzadgul Ahmadzai, Faculty of Education, Department of English, Kandahar University, 3801, Kandahar, Afghanistan.
2Rahmatullah Katawazai, Faculty of Languages & Literature, Department of English, Kandahar University, 3801, Kandahar, Afghanistan.
3Sandaran, SC, Language Academy, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310, Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia.
Manuscript received on 02 September 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 12 September 2019 | Manuscript Published on 23 September 2019 | PP: 1230-1235 | Volume-8 Issue-5C, May 2019 | Retrieval Number: E11750585C19/19©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.E1175.0585C19
Open Access | Editorial and Publishing Policies | Cite | Mendeley | Indexing and Abstracting
© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (

Abstract: Teaching English language started with using the traditional teaching methods in the educational system of Afghanistan. Teachers preferred such kinds of classical methods for teaching grammar as well. To the knowledge of the researchers, there is a lack of research conducted to indicate whether the two common methods for grammar teaching, i.e. inductive or deductive, are more effective within the Afghan teaching and learning context. The current study has been conducted to find out the effectiveness of using inductive and deductive teaching approaches to teaching English grammar in the Afghan context. Using a mixed-method (qualitative and quantitative) approach for data collection as well as analysis, the study conducted a questionnaire survey of 218 students and 13 instructors and semi-structured interviews with 4 language instructors from both English Departments of Education & Literature Faculties at a university in Afghanistan. The findings indicate that there is no significant difference of using one approach over another and Afghan students can learn through both deductive and inductive approaches in teaching grammar. However, from the perspective of the teachers, it was found that the teachers generally prefer the deductive method and rarely use the inductive method as they are trained in the classical method of teaching English. The findings of the study will help English grammar teachers to view the importance of using both of the teaching methods in Afghan context in order to make learning grammatical rules and its structures easy for the students to overcome.
Keywords: Deductive Approach, Inductive Approach, Teaching Grammar, Kandahar University, Afghanistan.
Scope of the Article: Smart Learning and Innovative Education Systems