Key Characteristics of Carbonized Corncob through Hydrothermal and Pyrolysis Conversion Techniques for Further Activation
Nongnoot Srilek1, Pruk Aggarangsi2
1Nongnoot Srilek, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Chiang Mai University, Huay Kaew Road, Muang District, Chiang Mai Thailand.
2Pruk Aggarangsi, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Chiang Mai University, Huay Kaew Road, Muang District, Chiang Mai Thailand.
Manuscript received on 02 September 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 12 September 2019 | Manuscript Published on 23 September 2019 | PP: 1089-1098 | Volume-8 Issue-5C, May 2019 | Retrieval Number: E11540585C19/19©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.E1154.0585C19
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The eco-friendly technique which converted the low cost waste residues such as corncob to the valuable material such as solid fuel or advanced material is favorable. This study aims to enhance the knowledge limitation of key elements characteristics of carbonized corncob including fiber constituents, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller surface area and Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy as the precursor material for further activation to produce the bio-based activated carbon via the mild temperature hydrothermal technique with demonstrated scale reactor comparing to high temperature pyrolysis. The hydrothermal carbonization takes place in 10 liters reactor at 250 o C. The pyrolysis is operated at 480 o C. The Brunauer-Emmett-Teller surface area of corncob feedstock, hydrochar derived from hydrothermal and biochar derived from pyrolysis are 16.13, 11.53 and 7.66 m2 g -1 respectively. The oxygenated functional groups contents and high BET surface area of hydrochar are more predominant than biochar. Henceforth, the optimization for better degradation of fiber constituents will be the future work before the activation step.
Keywords: Bio-Based Activated Carbon, Hydrochar, Hydrothermal Carbonization, Pyrolysis.
Scope of the Article: Biomechanics