Culture and Role of Woman in Terrorism in Indonesia. Case Studies: Suicide Bombings in Surabaya and Sibolga
Muhaimin Zulhair Achsin
Muhaimin Zulhair Achsin, International Relations, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia.
Manuscript received on 02 September 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 12 September 2019 | Manuscript Published on 23 September 2019 | PP: 873-876 | Volume-8 Issue-5C, May 2019 | Retrieval Number: E11230585C19/19©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.E1123.0585C19
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Abstract: Terrorism is a recognized global phenomenon particularly in the 21st century. Its landscape is highly determined by the actors’ changing and shifting nature as well as the pattern of the main battle field in Middle East and Afghanistan. As the most populous Muslim country in the world, Indonesia has experienced terrorist attacks especially since 2000 where multiple threats of bombing in several areas of the country had surfaced as the consequences of global terrorism’s wide spread networks and ideological influences. However, the two most recent suicide bombings in Surabaya – East Java on May 13, 2018 and Sibolga – North Sumatera on March 13, 2019 strongly indicate a new pattern of woman’s role in terrorism in Indonesia, shifting from passive to active. Utilizing these case studies and the technique of interpretative research, this paper aims to describe woman’s role in terrorist suicide bombing action, particularly in the context of Indonesia’s patriarchal culture. The finding shows a different role of woman in terrorism according to the differences of the various cultures. Therefore, this research fills the void of terrorism research particularly in Indonesia.
Keywords: Culture, Indonesia, Terrorism, Woman.
Scope of the Article: Social Sciences