Influence of Energy on Compaction Characteristics of High Expansive Soils
Talal Masoud1, Manal O. Suliman2

1Talal Masoud* ,Associate Professor, Civil Engineering department, College of Engineering, Jerash University, Jerash, Jordan.
2Manal O. Sulima, Assistant Professor, Associate Professor, Civil Engineering department, College of Engineering, Jerash University, Jerash, Jordan.

Manuscript received on June 08, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on June 25, 2020. | Manuscript published on June 30, 2020. | PP: 1344-1348 | Volume-9 Issue-5, June 2020. | Retrieval Number: E1114069520/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.E1114.069520
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Abstract: Each soil type has different behavior with regard to determination of maximum dry density and optimum moisture content and therefore any soil type has its own compaction requirements for experimental purposes and for control the compaction in the field. The general purpose of this study is to a better understanding of the compaction characteristics of high expansive soils, with emphasis on the relationships of moisture content and dry density of high expansive soils at a range of compaction energy levels. To achieve this purpose, high expansive soils samples were subjected to Atterberg limit and a set of laboratory compaction tests to find compaction characteristics namely; maximum dry unit weight and optimum water content of high expansive soils at different compaction energy (compaction effort) for different number of hammer blows per each layer range from 10 to 50, which varied the energy per unit volume from 356 KN/m3 to 1188 KN/m3.Rather than single peak compaction curves, the most achieved compaction curves are an irregular one and half peak compaction curves. According to the comparison results of different compaction energy, it was concluded that the maximum dry unit weight of high expansive soil was not highly affected by gradually increase of applied energy. The results showed that, the maximum dry density of tested expansive soils sample increased from 1.48g/cm3 to 1.6g/cm3 with increase of compaction energy from 356 KN/m3 to 1188 KN/m3.
Keywords: Compaction energy, Compaction curve, High Expansive soils, Maximum dry density, Optimum moisture content, Standard Proctor.