Secure Routing with Improved Medium Access Control (SRI-MAC) Protocol for Wireless Sensor Network using Particle Swarm Optimization
N. Tamilarasi1, S. G. Santhi2
1N.Tamilarasi, Assistant Professor, HOD PG and Research, Department of Computer Science, Sri Akilandeswari Women’s College, (Tamil Nadu), India.
2S.G.Santhi, Assistant Professor, Department of Computer Science & Engineering, Annamalai University, (Tamil Nadu), India.
Manuscript received on 25 August 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 01 September 2019 | Manuscript Published on 14 September 2019 | PP: 145-150 | Volume-8 Issue-5S3, July 2019 | Retrieval Number: E10350785S319/19©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.E1035.0785S319
Open Access | Editorial and Publishing Policies | Cite | Mendeley | Indexing and Abstracting
© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (

Abstract: A set of wireless sensor nodes comprises to form a sensor field called Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN).The main purpose of using the sensor node is to collect information from the ambience process it and send to a common gateway interface called Base Station(BS). The major problems that we face while using WSN are limited battery power, bandwidth, security issues and transmission delay etc. Many algorithms and protocols were developed in order to solve the above issues. Therefore, better solutions are required to face the improvements and challenges in the current technologies. In WSN, the sensor node highly loses its energy during communication period. One of the major issues of Medium Access Control (MAC) layer is collision. Collision increases the energy consumption and delay of the sensor node. So we have to conserve the energy of the sensor node in order to extend the lifetime of the network. At the same time it is also important to transmit the data through secure path and identify the malicious node. In this paper, we propose a novelty approach called Secure Routing with Improved Medium Access control (SRI –MAC) Protocol to solve the issues. SRIMAC identifies packet precedence sets using Fuzzy Implication System (FIS) to avoid packet collision in MAC layer and also it detects wormhole attacks and selects secure path among k-paths using Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) algorithm. By simulation results, we show that the proposed approach is efficient in terms of energy consumption and secure routing.
Keywords: WSN, Fuzzy Implication System(FIS), Particle Swarm Optimization(PSO), MAC and Secure Routing with Improved –Medium Access Control (SRI-MAC).
Scope of the Article: Network Protocols & Wireless Networks