Numerical Simulation on Effect of Spray Cone Angle on Emissions in Diesel-Engine using AVL-FIRE
Gopal Kumar Deshmukh1, Ameenur Rehman2, Rajesh Gupta3
1Gopal Kumar Deshmukh*, PhD Research Scholar in Department of Mechanical Engineering at Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal, India.
2Ameenur Rehman , Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering at Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal, India.
3Rajesh Gupta, Professor in Department of Mechanical Engineering at Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal, India.
Manuscript received on March 28, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on April 25, 2020. | Manuscript published on April 30, 2020. | PP: 1595-1598 | Volume-9 Issue-4, April 2020. | Retrieval Number: D8363049420/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.D8363.049420
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The in-cylinder flow dramatically affects combustion performance and emission characteristics of a compression ignition engine. The spray cone angle is among the most critical factors affecting mixture formation, combustion and emissions in a direct injection diesel engine. We have used three-dimensional computational investigations on spray cone angle-induced emission pattern of V-type DI engine under AVL-FIRE and ESE simulation interface. Four spray cone angles of 120°, 130°, 140°, and 150° were used for simulation purpose. The findings from the three-dimensional AVL-FIRE simulation confirm the influence of spray angle on optimal air-fuel mixing and, hence, combustion. Spray cone angle of 140° gave better engine performance in terms of lower CO and soot emission, but increased NO emission was observed due to improved combustion.
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, Spray cone angle, Emission, AVL-Fire Code