Early detection of West Nile Virus mosquitoes and cases in Frisco and Dallas in 2019 using DNA &RNA testing and Climatic prediction with Math lab followed by Descriptive statistical analysis using R-programming
Jathin desan*, 11th grade, in independence school, friscos texas, united states.
Manuscript received on May 25, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on June 05, 2020. | Manuscript published on June 30, 2020. | PP: 522-529 | Volume-9 Issue-5, June 2020. | Retrieval Number: D7707049420/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.D7707.069520
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: West Nile Virus is a mosquito borne disease that is initially caused in continental US that leads to neurological disease and death. There exists no vaccine or particular antiviral treatment for WNV.The mosquitoes become infected when they bite the infected birds. WNV is confined to the family Flaviviridae containing single stranded positive RNA with 11kb length. The purpose of this paper is to study WNV human cases and WNV positive mosquito traps in Frisco 75035 from Sep-Oct 2019. Also, the paper aims in explaining the current CDC data on WNV cases in detail using descriptive computer statistical analysis method. The data describes the current 2019 WNV neuro cases, WNV non-neuro cases, Death and presumptive viremic blood donors. According to (DSHS, 2019), there is no WNV cases reported yet in Frisco 2019 and one positive WNV case in Dallas county. According to CDC (2019), out of total 777, 98 were presumptive viremic blood donors, 504 was neuro-invasive cases, 273 were non-neuro-invasive cases, and 39 death was reported. Arizona and Colorado have the highest number of WNV Neuro invasive and Non-neuro-invasive cases of 132 and 60. This summary statistics reveals Neuro invasive cases have higher mean of 11.45 to non-neuro-invasive with 6.205. On the T-test it reveals at 95 % confidence level (P=0.007681) a significant difference in total cases versus the presumptive blood donors. It also represents more positive relationship on the scatter plots. According to Texas Department of state Health and Human Services (2019), reported human cases of reportable West Nile Disease of 19; out of which West Nile encephalitis is 15 and West Nile fever is 4. This shows that in Texas there is a drastic reduction of West Nile disease cases reported in 2019 related to good surveillance plans. This review summarizes descriptive statistical analysis of 2019 WNV cases which has shown a new increase in Presumptive viremic blood donors which is the hall mark of this review. Finally, the paper has completed a climatic niche prediction model using Math lab computer software for the future prediction of WNV positive mosquitoes using climatic conditions like high temperature, low temperature, humidity, rainfall, and precipitation.
Keywords: West Nile Virus, Dallas, Frisco, Neuro invasive, Viremic blood donor, Centre for Disease Control etc.