Hybridization for Classification and Identification of Individuals using Multimodal Biometric Systems
Shinde Prashant Pandurang1, Sable Amol2

1Shinde Prashant Pandurang*, Department of Technology, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, India.
2Sable Amol, Department of Cyber Risk, Deloitte Pune, India.

Manuscript received on March 28, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on April 25, 2020. | Manuscript published on April 30, 2020. | PP: 2126-2132 | Volume-9 Issue-4, April 2020. | Retrieval Number: D7249049420/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.D7249.049420
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: Biometric recognition systems use certain human characteristics such as voice, facial features, fingerprint, iris or hand geometry to identify an individual or verify their identity. These systems have been developed individually for each of these biometric modalities until they achieve remarkable levels of performance. Biometrics is a measure of biological characteristics for the identification or authentication of an individual based on some of its characteristics. Although biometric recognition techniques promise to be very effective, At present, we can not guarantee an excellent identification rate based on a single biometric signature with unimodal biometric systems. Thus the error rates of unimodal biometric systems are relatively high due to all these practical problems, which makes them impractical for the use of critical safety applications. To resolve these problems, a solution is used in the same system in several biometric modalities, called a multimodal biometric system (MBS). MBSs combine different modalities in a unique recognition system. The multimodal fusion allows improving the results obtained by a single biometric characteristic and making the system more robust to noise and interference and more resistant to possible attacks. Fusion may be carried out at the level of signals acquired by the different sensors, of the parameters obtained for each modality, of the scores provided by unimodal experts or of the decision taken by said experts. In the case of fusion, the features obtained from the various biometric methods must be homogenized before the process of fusion is accomplished. This article describes the evolution of a multi-modal biometric identification system depends on 3 biometrics-face, iris & fingerprint. Feature extraction is done using the Gabor Wavelet method and classification is accomplished using the Random Forest classifier. This proposed method is applicable in real-life applications to identify biometric for offices, hospitals, and colleges/universities and so on.
Keywords: Biometric, Biometric recognition systems, Multimodal biometric systems, fusion, Gabor Wavelet, Random forest.