Velocity and Turbulent flow field at around the cylindrical Pier
R. Karthik1, U. Kumar2, A.K. Barbhuiya3
1R. Karthik*, Civil Engineering department, National Institute of Technology Silchar, Assam, India.
2U. Kumar, Civil Engineering department, National Institute of Technology Silchar, Assam, India.
3A.K. Barbhuiya, Civil Engineering department, National Institute of Technology Silchar, Assam, India.
Manuscript received on March 12, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on March 28, 2020. | Manuscript published on April 30, 2020. | PP: 534-547 | Volume-9 Issue-4, April 2020. | Retrieval Number: D7052049420/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeatD7052.049420
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: This experimental study shows the velocity and turbulence field at vicinity of cylindrical pier with scour hole under clear water condition. The three dimensional velocity data were obtained at 5 cm, 10 cm, 20 cm and 30 cm from the pier with use of Acoustic Doppler Velocimeter at 360 degrees around the pier with 30-degree interval. The flow behaviour were extensively analyzed with the help of time averaged normalized velocity, Turbulent intensity, Turbulent kinetic energy and Reynolds shear stress plots. The study shows the flow behaviour at inside the scour hole, at scour hole ring and outside the scour hole which gives the elusive view of flow at vicinity of pier. An upstream side pier, the flow behaviour almost follows the similar trend but behind a cylinder the flow is asymmetry due to wake vortex and vortex shedding found at the wake region. This study offers an ample cognizance of flow structure at vicinity of circular pier, which is essential in order to design an effective scour control structures like rip-rap, W weir, vanes, slot and etc.
Keywords: ADV, Bridge, Flow measurement, Local scour, open channel, Pier.