Mapping Solar Pond by GIS and Analytic Hierarchy Process
Mohamed Nower1, Mohamed Embaby2, Ashraf Elashaal3, El-serafy S4

1Mohamed Nower*, Associate Researcher, National water research center, Cairo, Egypt.
2Mohamed Embaby, Researcher, National water research center, Cairo, Egypt.
3Ashraf Elashaal, professor Emeritus, National water research center, Cairo, Egypt.
4El-serafy S, Professor and head of the hydraulics and engineering department of Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.

Manuscript received on April 05, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on April 17, 2020. | Manuscript published on April 30, 2020. | PP: 274-279 | Volume-9 Issue-4, April 2020. | Retrieval Number:  D6757049420/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.D6757.049420
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Abstract: In terms of the importance of solar radiation sustainability in Egypt, this research was initiated with the objective of mapping solar ponds to provide solar energy by Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and multi-criteria decision-making method to ensure their efficiency, in terms of cost. Primarily, literature in the field of solar ponds and clean energy was assembled, reviewed, analyzed and categorized to deduce data about solar pond locations and analyze such data. Accordingly, different variables were considered such as power line stations, road networks and cities). In addition, land cover as environmental parameter was considered. Furthermore, technical variables like direct normal radiation, temperature, wind and relative humidity were taken into account. ArcGIS process was applied and solar pond technique locations were selected. The deduced data were comprehended, analyzed, and presented to perceive a complete data picture about Egypt, from which it was apparent that different zones have different characteristics, in terms of the capability of encompassing solar ponds. Based on the investigation results, it was concluded that Al Wadi Al Jadid Governorate and some spatial areas show in mapping satisfies the renewable energy potential. In addition, it was recommended to implement solar ponds in their vicinity, as they satisfy the solar pond requirements, in terms of efficiency and cost. 
Keywords: Solar Pond, Solar Energy, Geographic Information Systems.