Sources and Options for the Formation of Renal Human Veins
Edgar Sabirovich Kafarov1, Larisa Albertovna Udochkina2, Khizir Mukhidinovich Bataev3, Sergei Vladimirovich Fedorov4
1Edgar Sabirovich Kafarov, Chechen State University, Grozny, Chechen Republic, Russia.
2Larisa Albertovna Udochkina, Astrakhan State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of Russia, Astrakhan, Russia.
3Khizir Mukhidinovich Bataev, Chechen State University, Grozny, Chechen Republic, Russia.
4Sergei Vladimirovich Fedorov, Bashkir State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of Russia, Republic of Bashkortostan, Ufa, Russia.
Manuscript received on 18 April 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 25 April 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 April 2019 | PP: 1009-1012 | Volume-8 Issue-4, April 2019 | Retrieval Number: D6530048419/19©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The purpose of the study was to identify the sources and options for the formation of human renal veins according to corrosion preparations. One hundred forty-two corrosion preparations of human venous vessels of the kidneys have been manufactured. Sources and variants of the formation of renal veins relative to the sagittal, frontal and horizontal planes have been studied in stereoprojection. It has been found that most often the main renal vein is formed from two venous vessels (57.8 % of the cases) or from three venous blood vessels (31.0 % of the cases) at p ≤ 0.05. When the main renal vein is formed from two venous vessels, in 32.4 % of the cases it occurs when the upper pole and lower pole venous vessels merge. The second most common case (25.4 % of the cases) is the formation of the main renal vein from the ventral and dorsal venous vessels. When the main renal vein is formed from three vessels, in 15.5 % of the cases it is formed from the upper, central and lower pole venous vessels, in 8.4 % of the cases – from the upper pole, lower pole and dorsal central venous vessels; and in 4.2 % of the cases from the ventral, dorsal and lower pole venous vessels. The remaining options for the formation of the main renal vein represent less than 5.0 % of the cases
Keywords: Kidney, Stereometry, Veins.
Scope of the Article: Human Computer Interactions