The Use of Training Devices in the Strength Training of Disabled Athletes
Larisa Vladimirovna Byankina1, Alla Vasilyevna Khotimchenko2, Irina Mikhailovna Vorotilkina3, Maria Mikhaylovna Prokopyeva4, Alla Georgiyevna Kornilova5
1Larisa Vladimirovna Byankina, Far Eastern State Academy of Physical Culture, Khabarovsk, Russia.
2Alla Vasilyevna Khotimchenko, Pacific National University, Khabarovsk, Russia.
3Irina Mikhailovna Vorotilkina, Sholom-Aleichem Priamursky State University, Birobidzhan, Russia.
4Maria Mikhaylovna Prokopyeva, The North-Eastern Federal University named after M. K. Ammosov, Yakutsk, Russia.
5Alla Georgiyevna Kornilova, The North-Eastern Federal University named after M. K. Ammosov, Yakutsk, Russia.
Manuscript received on 18 April 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 25 April 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 April 2019 | PP: 985-989 | Volume-8 Issue-4, April 2019 | Retrieval Number: D6523048419/19©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Since the mid-twentieth century, the problems of physical rehabilitation of disabled people with different nosologies are highly relevant due to various reasons. Initially, this was connected with the processes of the integration of disabled people into educational and cultural spaces; then the developing educational technologies, including those in the field of physical culture and sports, served as the ground for the rehabilitation of disabled people with various nosologies. The first Summer Paralympic Games, held in 1960, marked the massive involvement of disabled people in sports, actualizing the development of training technologies for these categories of athletes. General physical training of disabled athletes, including strength training, serves not only the tasks of performing at competitions and achieving sports results but also the tasks of strengthening the body of a disabled person, including him or her in the society. For disabled people who have various nosologies, especially lesions of the musculoskeletal system, various training devices are an important means of rehabilitation and physical training. The article examines the features of the general physical training of disabled people, engaged in sports (for example, people with lesions of the musculoskeletal system, engaged in powerlifting) and the use of training devices in this kind of performance.
Keywords: Disabled People With Lesions Of The Musculoskeletal System, General Physical Training, Training Devices, Athletes.
Scope of the Article: Optical Devices