Bias Detection in Predictive Models Using Fairml
Vijay Kumawat1, Vaibhav Bangwal2, Lavanya K3
1Vijay Kumawat B.Tech Student, Department of Computer Science Engineering, VIT University, Vellore (Tamil Nadu) India.
2Vaibhav Bangwal, B.Tech Student, Department of Computer Science Engineering, VIT University, Vellore (Tamil Nadu) India.
3Dr. K.Lavanya Associate Professor, Department of Computer Science and Engineering(SCOPE), VIT, Vellore (Tamil Nadu) India
Manuscript received on 18 April 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 25 April 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 April 2019 | PP: 847-851 | Volume-8 Issue-4, April 2019 | Retrieval Number: D6414048419/19©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: In Machine Learning, predictive models are used in decision making processes. Policy- makers, auditors and end users have concern regarding the prediction model whether these predictive models are making bias/unfair decision or not. There is the possibility that model can generate wrong decision due to bias. This bias can be intentional or unintentional discrimination due to some of the features present in the dataset. Bias arises in many industries like Banking, Housing, Education, Finance, Insurance, etc. which uses AI model for prediction. If the significance of the feature is high and also the feature is considered as protected attribute, namely race, religion, gender, then the feature can possibly contribute to bias in the prediction. To deal with this problem FairML model could help us . FairML is a framework that is put to use to discover bias in the predictive ML models. Basically it consists of four ranking algorithms (Iterative orthogonal feature projection (IOFP), Minimum Redundancy, Maximum Relevance (mRMR), Lasso Regression, Random forest) which helps in finding the significance of the features. FairML ranking algorithms handles both linear and non-linear dependencies. In this paper we have studied different feature algorithm for different prediction models in order to get the significant features as prediction models are used in every field.
Keywords: IOFP, mRMR, LASSO, FairML, Bias ,Variable Ranking, Feature Significance.
Scope of the Article: Predictive Analysis