Evaluation of Bus Rapid Transit in Bangladesh and Recommendation for Improvements
Arifa Sultana1, Saad Muhammad Zakaria Rafe2, Tasnim Shoily Deepi3
1Arifa Sultana, Department of Civil Engineering, Ahsanullah University of Science and Technology, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
2Saad Muhammad Zakaria Rafe, Department of Civil Engineering, Ahsanullah University of Science and Technology, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
3Tasnim Shoily Deepi, Department of Civil Engineering, Ahsanullah University of Science and Technology, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Manuscript received on 18 April 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 25 April 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 April 2019 | PP: 406-410 | Volume-8 Issue-4, April 2019 | Retrieval Number: D6182048419/19©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Bangladesh is one of the most populated countries in the world. Like other developing countries, Bangladeshi people are also facing many transportation problems due to the increased population. The government of Bangladesh is planning to implement Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system, Mass Rapid Transit, Expressways etc. A research was undertaken to evaluate the proposed BRT in Bangladesh. It will be built along the 42 km route stretching between Shibbari to Jhilmil in Dhaka. Another 36 km line will be constructed on the capital’s eastern edge, according to the Revised Strategic Transport Plan (RSTP). It is known as “Dhaka Rapid.” It will be implemented in two parts: from Gazipur to Dhaka airport (20 km) and from the airport to Keraniganj (22 km). The main focus of the research is the 22km BRT route which is from airport to keraniganj because it is a critical route. The research covers the traffic volume study of the route along with the short discussion of the BRT project in Bangladesh (cost of the project, features of buses, stations, lines etc). Although BRT can be a successful bus operation system, the implementation of this system in Dhaka city will offer a number of challenges which is the main focus of this research. Land acquisition and consolidation of the existing bus operators on the BRT corridor or convincing them to terminate their bus service and operations on the mixed traffic lanes along the corridor are the major challenges. Besides expecting that it will be an efficient, reliable, safe and affordable yet sustainable mass transit bus operation in Dhaka city and improve the existing traffic condition and bring sustainable development in the transportation system. This research will be helpful for the improvement of the BRT system in Bangladesh.
Keywords: Bus Rapid Transit, Evaluate, Dhaka Rapid, Implementation, Sustainable
Scope of the Article: Environmental Engineering