Experimental Investigations on the Performance and Efficiency of a Typical Domestic LPG Gas Stove
Manjith Shukur1, U. S. P. Shet2

1Manjith Shukur, Department of Mechanical Engineering, TKMCE, Kollam (Kerala), India.
2U. S. P. Shet, Former Professor, IIT Madras, Chennai (Tamil Nadu), India.

Manuscript received on 13 April 2017 | Revised Manuscript received on 20 April 2017 | Manuscript Published on 30 April 2017 | PP: 263-265 | Volume-6 Issue-4, April 2017 | Retrieval Number: D4982046417/17©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: Industrial, commercial and domestic gas appliances cover an extremely wide range of requirements with regard to flame stability, flame temperature, shape, size and aeration which need to be satisfied for optimum performance. With the wide spread use of LPG in industrial, commercial and domestic appliances, it should be our endeavor to design efficient burner systems not only to conserve fuel but also to keep our environment clean and green. In atmospheric burner primary air is entrained by momentum sharing between the gas and the surrounding air. The amount of air induced in this way is generally about 50 to 70 % of the stoichiometric air requirement. Two types of atmospheric burners may be distinguished, those in which the gas issues at normal supply pressure and those in which the gas is supplied from a compressor or high pressure supply. The importance of the former type, e.g., the Bunsen burner type heralded a new phase in gas utilization development when it was first introduced. Low-pressure atmospheric burners are restricted to industrial appliances, however they have been adopted on a limited scale. The present experiment consist of measuring the thermal efficiency of a LPG gas stove without wire mesh with varying heights of the vessel above the stove head: the height at which the thermal efficiency is maximum is noted for two burners i.e. BIG BURNER and SMALL BURNER for two gas input rates, i.e., the SIM (LOW) Flame and HIGH Flame position.
Keywords: Domestic Lpg Gas Stove, Burner, Flame.

Scope of the Article: High Performance Computing