Computer Network – IP Address & Subnetting
Rajesh Kumar1, Pinky Ramchandra Shinde2

1Rajesh Kumar, Senior Lecturer, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Govt. Polytechnic College, Ujjain (M.P.), India.
2Ms. Pinky Ramchandra Shinde, Assistant Professor, Department of Computer, New Horizon Institute of Management Studies, Sector -13, Airoli, Navi Mumbai (M.H), India.

Manuscript received on 15 April 2016 | Revised Manuscript received on 25 April 2016 | Manuscript Published on 30 April 2016 | PP: 242-246 | Volume-5 Issue-4, April 2016 | Retrieval Number: D4549045416/16©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (

Abstract: The next-generation Internet Protocol, initially known as IP Next Generation (Ipng), and then later as IPv6, has been developed by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) to replace the current Internet Protocol (also known as IPv4). which offers 2128 possible addresses To enable the integration of IPv6 into current networks, several transition mechanisms have been proposed by the IETF IPng Transition Working Group. This work examines and empirically evaluates two transition mechanisms, namely IPv6 to IPv4 tunneling and dual-stack mechanism, as they relate to the performance of IPv6. The primary focus of this paper is to compare and analyze IPv4 and IPv6 networks, study their characteristics and header formats. The paper also attempts to outline the key deployment issues and security-related challenges which are being faced and dealt with during the migration process
Keywords: IP Address, Subnet, IPV4, IPV6, Multicast Address, Unicast Address, 6-Over-4, Encapsulation, Tunneling,

Scope of the Article: Computer Network