Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles and Hydrogen Storage Techniques
Ravi Kumar Sharma1, Nikhil Narayan2, Ankit Verma3

1Ravi Kumar Sharma, M. Tech (Automobile Engg.), Bharath University, Chennai (Tamil Nadu), India.
2Nikhil Narayan, M. Tech (Automobile Engg.), Bharath University, Chennai (Tamil Nadu), India.
3Ankit Verma, M. Tech (Automobile Engg.), Bharath University, Chennai (Tamil Nadu), India.

Manuscript received on 15 April 2015 | Revised Manuscript received on 25 April 2015 | Manuscript Published on 30 April 2015 | PP: 78-86 | Volume-4 Issue-4, April 2015 | Retrieval Number: D3881044415/15©BEIESP
Open Access | Editorial and Publishing Policies | Cite | Mendeley | Indexing and Abstracting
© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: At the present day, Hydrogen is an especially attractive transportation fuel. It is the least polluting fuel available, and can be produced anywhere there is water and a clean source of electricity. A fuel cycle in which hydrogen is produced by solarelectrolysis of water, or by gasification of renewably grown biomass, and then used in a fuel-cell powered electric-motor vehicle (FCEV), would produce little or no local, regional, or global pollution. Hydrogen FCEVs would combine the best features of battery-powered electric vehicles (BPEVs) — zero emissions, high efficiency, quiet operation and long life — with the long range and fast refuelling time of internal-combustionengine vehicles (ICEVs). If fuel-cell technology develops as hoped, then hydrogen FCEVs will be a significant advance over both hydrogen ICEVs and solar BPEVs: they will be cleaner and more efficient than hydrogen ICEVs, have a much shorter refuelling time than BPEVs, and have a lower lifecycle cost than both. Solar-hydrogen fuel-cell vehicles would be general-purpose zero-emission vehicles, and could be an important component of strategy for reducing dependence on imported oil, mitigating global warming, and improving urban air quality, at an acceptable cost. The only problem behind this technology is storage of hydrogen in on-board Vehicles.
Keywords: Hydrogen Fuel Cell, Connecting Cells, Gas Supply and Cooling, Fuel Cell Types, Hydrogen Storage.

Scope of the Article: Petroleum and Mineral Resources Engineering