Study of Modulus of Elasticity of Steel Fiber Reinforced Concrete
Misba Gul1, Alsana Bashir2, Javed A Naqash3
1Misba Gul, Department of Civil Engg, National Institute of Technology, Srinagar, India.
2Alsana Bashir, Department of Civil Engg, National Institute of Technology, Srinagar, India.
3Dr. Javed A Naqash, Associate Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Srinagar, India.
Manuscript received on March 30, 2014. | Revised Manuscript received on April 11, 2014. | Manuscript published on April 30, 2014. | PP: 304-309 | Volume-3, Issue-4, April 2014. | Retrieval Number: D2995043414/2013©BEIESP
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Abstract: Plain, unreinforced concrete is a brittle material, with a low tensile strength, limited ductility and little resistance to cracking. In order to improve the inherent tensile strength of concrete there is a need of multidirectional and closely spaced reinforcement, which can be provided in the form of randomly distributed fibers. Steel fiber is one of the most commonly used fibers. Short, discrete steel fibers provide discontinuous three-dimensional reinforcement that picks up load and transfer stresses at micro-crack level. This reinforcement provides tensile capacity and crack control to the concrete section prior to the establishment of visible macro cracks, thereby promoting ductility or toughness. The modulus of elasticity of concrete is a very important parameter reflecting the ability of concrete to deform elastically. In addition, in order to make full use of the compressive strength potential, the structures using high strength concrete tend to be slimmer and require a higher elastic modulus so as to maintain its stiffness. Therefore, knowledge of the modulus of elasticity of high strength concrete is very important in avoiding excessive deformation, providing satisfactory serviceability, and avoiding the most cost-effective designs. The present experimental study considers the effect of steel fibers on the modulus of elasticity of concrete. Hook end steel fibers with aspect ratio of 50 and 71 at volume fraction of 0.5%, 1.0% and 1.5% were used. Study on effect of volume fraction and aspect ratio of fibers on the modulus of elasticity of concrete was also deemed as an important part of present experimental investigation. The results obtained show that the addition of steel fiber improves the modulus of elasticity of concrete. It was also analyzed that by increasing the fiber volume fraction from 0.5% to 1.5% and aspect ratio of fibers from 50 to 71 there was a healthy effect on modulus of elasticity of Steel Fiber Reinforced Concrete.
Keywords: Aspect ratio, Compressometer, Modulus of Elasticity, Steel fiber reinforced concrete, Volume fraction.