Busbar Protection Scheme Based on Alienation Coefficients for Current Signals
R. Abd Allah
R. Abd Allah, Department, Faculty of Engineering, Private Buraydah Colleges, Qassim Region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Manuscript received on March 29, 2014. | Revised Manuscript received on April 20, 2014. | Manuscript published on April 30, 2014. | PP: 156-167 | Volume-3, Issue-4, April 2014. | Retrieval Number:  D2929043414/2013©BEIESP

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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: In modern digital power system protection systems, statistical coefficients technique is recently used for fault analysis. An alienation technique is developed for busbar protection against all ten types of shunt faults, which may locate in busbar protection zone, under different loading levels, fault resistances and fault inception angle. It does not need any extra equipment as it depends only on the three-line currents measurements, of all feeders connected to the protected busbar, which are mostly available at the relay location. It is able to perform fault detection, fault confirmation, faulty phase selection and determine the fault location in about a half-cycle period. Thus, the alienation technique is well suited for implementation in digital protection schemes. The technique is efficient to detect current transformer saturation conditions without needing any additional algorithm. The effects of DC components and harmonics are eliminated with estimation of alienation coefficients. The proposed methodology is applied for a part of 500 KV Egyptian network. Alternative transient program (ATP) and MATLAB package are used to implement the proposed technique.
Keywords: Busbar protection, Current transformer saturation, Fault detection, Internal and external faults, alienation coefficient, ATP software, MATLAB.