Detection of Congestive Heart Failure using Naive Bayes Classifier
Dipen Deka*, Assistant Professor, Central Institute of Technology, Kokrajhar, India.
Manuscript received on January 21, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on February 05, 2020. | Manuscript published on February 29, 2020. | PP: 4154-4159 | Volume-9 Issue-3, February 2020. | Retrieval Number: C6623029320/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.C6623.029320
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Congestive heart failure (CHF) is gradually becoming more prevalent due to the stressed lifestyles in modern life. Accurate detection with lower computational complexity and lower cost of diagnosis is a challenge to the researchers in this domain. In this work, I have proposed an approach using naive Bayes algorithm with a lesser number of significantly discriminating features for differentiating the CHF subjects from the normal subjects. The small size of feature sets enhances the computational efficiency and the choice of strong features improves the accuracy. The features are chosen on the basis of p-value of the 2-sample t-test performed between the two types of subjects. Using the p-value, 6 features are selected to train, validate and test the classifier. Publicly available benchmark Physio Net datasets for congestive heart failure patients and normal subjects are used to carry out the experimentation. This approach is able to provide 100% classification accuracy as well as sensitivity and specificity of 100% in identifying CHF patients employing Gaussian naive Bayes algorithm.
Keywords: Congestive Heart Failure, Time Domain Analysis, Discrete Wavelet Transform, Naive Bayes Classifier.