Performance of Smart Farming through Drip Irrigation and Managing of Fertilizers and Pesticides through IoT and GSM
D. Louisa Mary1, M. Ramakrishnan2, A. Abraham N R Singh3

1D. Louisa Mary*, Computer Science Department, St. John’s College, Palayamkottai, Tirunelveli,, Tamil Nadu, India.
2Dr. M. Ramakrishnan, Department of Computer Applications, Madurai Kamarajar University, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India.
3A. Abraham N R Singh, Electronics Department, St. John’s College, Palayamkottai, Tirunelveli,, Tamil Nadu, India.
Manuscript received on January 23, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on February 05, 2020. | Manuscript published on February 30, 2020. | PP: 3746-3750 | Volume-9 Issue-3, February 2020. | Retrieval Number:  C6376029320/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.C6376.029320
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Abstract: In conventional farming the growth of the plant of interest is manually monitored by human senses, which needs high degree of sense perceptions and it always has a high quantum of error. If the farming is made automated with IoT applications, it can be done with utmost precision and accuracy. Human interventions can be minimized. Thus the efficiency of the cultivation can be enhanced and utilization of materials like water, fertilizers can be optimized. In IoT-based Smart Farming, a system is built for monitoring the crop field with the help of humidity, temperature, soil moisture sensors and automated the irrigation system. Internet of Things (IoT) is a collection of wireless sensors network finding their applications in the optimization of irrigation and administration of useful nutrients. Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) are major components of IoT. This irrigation method will avoid the wastage of water, save time and produce more yield. This Proposed method detects the fertilizers and pesticides spraying date and send the alert messages to the user using GSM (Global System for Mobile Communication) for better yield both quantitatively and qualitatively. Drip irrigation method is also adopted to use water sparingly and hence to avoid other problems like eutrophication and green house effect which are commonly caused by flooding of cultivation lands.
Keywords: IoT, Smart Farming GSM, WSN, Drip irrigation.