Furtherance in Splicing Technique of Optical Fiber Communication
Jayant R. Nandwalkar1, Dnyandeo J. Pete2

1Jayant R. Nandwalkar, Research Scholar (Student Member, IEEE, DMCE), , Department of Electronics Engineering, Datta Meghe College of Engineering, Sector-3, Plot-98, Airoli, Navi Mumbai.  University of Mumbai, Maharashtra State, India.
2Dnyandeo J. Pete, Professor & Head, Department of Electronics Engineering, Datta Meghe College of Engineering, Sector-3, Plot-98, Airoli, Navi Mumbai. University of Mumbai, Maharashtra State, India
Manuscript received on January 23, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on February 05, 2020. | Manuscript published on February 30, 2020. | PP: 3605-3609 | Volume-9 Issue-3, February 2020. | Retrieval Number:  C6208029320/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.C6208.029320
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: The improvement in technology over long distance communication using optical fiber has been regulated over past few decades, and it took drastic enhancement in one of the major parameter for joining two OFC cable (splicing). The different experiments performed in order to bring about the result that can give nearly 0dB splice loss when there is shifting of entire set up of Optical Fiber Communication. The splicing loss is created by the joining of two SMF using fiber optic fusion splicing. The objective of this paper is to determine the low splice loss in joining two single mode or multimode optical fiber, such that long distance communication that required multiple infrastructure assembly for its operational unit can be made relocatable as there is large investment and material and electronic circuitry is associated to it. Therefore to reduce that cost we have sets of analysis that splicing loss can be reduced to 0dB for SMFSMF end face connection or at least no improvement in splice losses while relocation of OFC infrastructure from one place to other place as the result of the tested experiment. Based on experiment conducted we came to conclusion that with essential requirements for establishing a low-loss and high-speed communication line using optical fibers, the need for quality of splicing technology along with perfect core alignment angle is required to reduce splice loss, such that the infrastructure can be shifted to many different location without any additional cost of new material and new resources. The exact measurement of splice loss can be insured by another set of formula which we came across during the experimental performance.
Keywords: Optical fiber communication (OFC), fusion splicing, loss measurement, single mode fiber (SMF), fiber loss and distance estimate.