Cooling Slope Practice for SSF Technology
N. K. Kund
N. K. Kund, Department of Production Engineering, Veer Surendra Sai University of Technology, Burla, Sambalpur (Odisha), India.
Manuscript received on 18 February 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 27 February 2019 | Manuscript published on 28 February 2019 | PP: 410-413 | Volume-8 Issue-3, February 2019 | Retrieval Number: C590002831919/19©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Currently, the usual methods available for large scale production of semisolid slurry are mechanical stirring, electromagnetic stirring, etc. These suffer from drawbacks like complex design, high cost, structural inhomogeneity and low efficiency. The cooling slope is considered to be a simple but effective method because of its simple design and easy control of process parameters, low equipment and running costs, high production efficiency and reduced inhomogeneity. With this perspective, the primary objective of the present research is to investigate experimentally the solidification on a cooling slope, in addition to the study of final microstructure of the semisolid cast billets. In most casting applications, dendritic microstructure morphology is not desired because it leads to poor mechanical properties. Forced convection causing sufficient shearing in the mushy zone of the partially solidified melt is one of the means to suppress this dendritic growth. The dendrites formed at the solid-liquid interface are detached and carried away due to strong fluid flow to form slurry. This slurry, consisting of rosette or globular particles, provides less resistance to flow even at a high solid fraction and can easily fill the die-cavity. The stated principle is the basis of a new manufacturing technology called “semi-solid forming” (SSF), in which metal alloys are cast in the semi-solid state. This technique has numerous advantages over other existing commercial casting processes, such as reduction of macrosegregation, reduction of porosity and low forming efforts.
Keywords: Aluminum Alloy, Casting, Cooling Slope, Semisold, Slurry.
Scope of the Article: Renewable Energy Technology