Combined use of remote sensing and GIS in the extraction of structural lineaments in the Cretaceous basin of Errachidia-Boudnib (south-east Morocco), hydrological implication
Radouan Mehdaoui1, El Mostafa Mili2

1Radouan Mehdaoui, Department of Geology, Ismail University, Faculty of Science, Zitoune Meknes, Morocco.
2El mostafa MILLI, Department of Geology, Ismail University, Faculty of Science, Zitoune Meknes, Morocco.

Manuscript received on 18 June 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 25 June 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 June 2019 | PP: 216-220 | Volume-8 Issue-5, June 2019 | Retrieval Number: C5881028319/19©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: Linear analysis is an interesting approach for hydrogeological mapping in the Cretaceous basin of Errachidia-Boudnib, this analysis was carried out by interpreting the ETM + images acquired by the Landsat 7 satellite. In our study, features of geological interest detected during the interpretation process were digitized using GIS software. Before extraction begins, various processes are applied to the satellite image. Lineament synthesis maps have been produced by combining four methods; filtering techniques that allow mapping a larger number of lineaments, color compositions, ratio bands and main component analysis (PCA) and lineamenst density, so the highest densities obtained are oriented (NE-SW to ESE-WNW). In the study area, the knowledge of structural lineaments is very interesting for identifying zones favourable to groundwater circulation. A spatial statistical analysis of the lineaments was performed to detect their frequency and main direction
Keywords: Cretaceous Basin of Errachidia – Boudnib, Landsat 7 ETM +, GIS Software, Lineament, Groundwater Circulation

Scope of the Article: Remote Sensing