Investigation and Characterization of Iron Powders for Zero-Valent Iron (Fe 0 ) in Synchrotron Radiations
Htay Aung Pyae1, Win Win Aye2, Chatpet Yossapol3
1Htay Aung Pyae, Faculty of Environmental Engineering, Suranaree University of Technology, Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand.
2Win Win Aye, Department of Physics, University of Mandalay, Mandalay, Myanmar.
3Chapet Yossapol, Faculty of Environmental Engineering, Suranaree University of Technology, Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand.
Manuscript received on 18 February 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 27 February 2019 | Manuscript published on 28 February 2019 | PP: 184-193 | Volume-8 Issue-3, February 2019 | Retrieval Number: C5754028319/19©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: This study employs four differential synchrotron radiation techniques to characterize the composition of underlying Zero Valent Iron (ZVI) source in three readily commercially available iron particles (code name – M100, R12, and Scrap Iron) and highlights the importance of engaging multiple investigation methods in sourcing ZVI. With ZVI or Fe0 having reducing properties to convert harmful chemicals to harmless substances found, its widespread functional application in the environmental remediation purposes is on the rise. Consequently, attempts were being made in choosing iron powders as ZVI source in interdisciplinary researches for exploring catalytic chemical reactions of ZVI. XAS-XANES and XPS spectra revealed scrap iron could not be regarded as hopeful ZVI sources since its edges and occurrences were detected entirely in contrast against standard iron foil having noticeable valency zero, and rather resembling to iron oxides. M100 and R12 were found consisting more percentage of zero valence properties than iron foil. Homogeneity and phase identification were further investigated by mean of XRD, and discovered R12 and M100 were comparable to reference iron standards. In addition, µ-XRF uncovered possible cross contaminants existed in the samples. Finally, SEM analysis disclosed distinctive metallic morphology, formation and texture of selected iron particles. This study resolved the controversial assumption that all iron source consist of credible ZVI source for its catalytic reaction to take place. And contradictory iron oxides reactions could be highly possible on conditions when irons are not taken comparative characterization methods prior to source ZVI for requisite purpose.
Keywords: SEM, µ-XRF, XAS, XPS, XRD, ZVI
Scope of the Article: Environmental Engineering