Performance of Additives Concerning Synergistic Effect in Lube Oil
Pramod S. Kathamore1, Bhanudas D. Bachchhav2, Harijan H. Bagchi3
1Pramod S. Kathamore*, Research Scholar, Department of Technology, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, Maharashtra, India.
2Bhanudas D. Bachchhav, Professor and Head, Department of Mechanical Engineering, All India Shri Shivaji Memorial Society’s, College of Engineering, Pune, Maharashtra, India. Corresponding Author.
3Harijan H. Bagchi, Professor Emeritus, Department of Production Engineering and Industrial Management, College of Engineering, Pune, Maharashtra, India.
Manuscript received on May 06, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on May 15, 2020. | Manuscript published on June 30, 2020. | PP: 1874-1878 | Volume-9 Issue-5, June 2020. | Retrieval Number: C5714029320/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.C5714.029320
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Lubricating oils containing ester, gaining more importance due to their friction reducing ability. Screening the performance of lubricating oils prior to field test is of most significance for the new lubricant formulations. In this endeavor, six lubricating blends were formulated having variable concentration of additives (sulfur and ester) in mineral oil and screened for their performance using four-ball tribo-tester. The formulated blends were evaluated for their extreme pressure and anti-wear characteristics as per ASTM standards. Tests were conducted on DUCOM TR- 30L four-ball tester and wear scar diameter were measured on an optical microscope.Compatibility and synergy of additives have been discussed on the basis of various parameters such as anti-wear scar diameter, mean scar diameter (just below weld load), mean scar diameter (at last non-seizure load), weld load and load wear index. The findings of this study demonstrate that ester along-with sulfur not only boost anti-wear properties but also enhance load carrying capacity of oil. An addition of sulfur beyond 2 % may not yield any significant improvement of tribo-characteristics of these oils.This paper is highlighting the synergistic effect of additives to render it as suitable lubricant for metal working applications. This paper also suggested an optimum concentration of an additive for its suitability for anti-wear and/(or) extreme-pressure properties.
Keywords: Anti-wear, Extreme pressure additives, Weld load, Load wear index.