Hydrological Modelling of Catchments at Industrial Sector
M. Satish Kumar1, Ambati Dattatreya Kumar2, Hepsibah Palivela3, M. V. Raju4, T. Ch. Anil Kumar5
1Dr. M. Satish Kumar*, Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Kallam HarandhaReddy Institute of Technology, Guntur, A.P., India.
2Ambati Dattatreya Kumar, Assistant Professor in Department of Civil Engineering, V.R Siddhartha Engineering College, Vijayawada, A.P., India.
3Dr. Hepsibah Palivela, UGC- Post Doctoral Fellow, Centre for Women Studies, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam, A.P., India.
4M. V. Raju, Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Vignans Foundation for Science Technology and Research, A.P., India.
5T. Ch. Anil Kumar, Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Vignans Foundation for Science Technology and Research, Guntur, A.P., India.
Manuscript received on February 06, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on February 10, 2020. | Manuscript published on February 30, 2020. | PP: 1366-1369 | Volume-9 Issue-3, February, 2020. | Retrieval Number: C5555029320/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.C5555.029320
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: In any nation industries are the major sources for the country economy and also the major source of employment for the people of any nation. Industries are also considered as prime reason for the developmental activities with huge employment potential at the other side the environmental conditions in and around the industries are degrading very rapidly due to the lack of proper supervision on disposal of industrial wastes along with the emissions releasing into the open atmosphere by few of the industries  without any concern of human health eventually over a period of time all the effluents and the emissions released into the open atmosphere without treatment shows dangerous consequences on the environment in the society. The major requirements of any industries starts with water only, as the water is prime element for the survival any living organism on the earth and also the water is the prime component for the development of any area but at certain areas the water both surface and ground water  sources have been contaminating due to the unethical and unscientific disposal of wastes into the open lands as well as into the nearby water bodies. when we emphasize the reason behind this specific activity we came to understand that improper maintenance of effluent treatment plants and the effluents releasing from them shows its severe impacts on nearby aquatic organisms , if the same water is used for domestic activities there will be a damage for human health and sometimes it may leads to the death of the individuals also. In the present study three locations were indentified around the boundaries  of catchment based on the entry of flow into the catchments and the samples were collected for three times in the study period of three months, all the samples were marked with labels and analysis  was carried out by using prescribed analytical procedures, the results were compared with surface water quality standards  specified by Central Pollution Control Board,1979 and the Bureau of Indian standards, 1982 to find out the hydrology of the catchment
Keywords: Catchments, Effluent, Environment, Hydrology, Industries, Treatment.