Technical Skills needed for an Informal Roadside Metalwork Fabrication Apprenticeship Practice
Halizah Awang*1, Kankia Jamilu Danyaro2, Zawawi Daud3, W. Mohd Rashid W. Ahmad4

1Halizah Awang*, Faculty of Technical and Vocational Education, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia.
2Kankia Jamilu Danyaro, department, Name of the affiliated College or University/Industry, City, Country.
3Zawawi Daud, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia. 

Manuscript received on May 29, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on June 22, 2020. | Manuscript published on June 30, 2020. | PP: 667-682 | Volume-9 Issue-5, June 2020. | Retrieval Number: C5326029320/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.C5326.069520
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Abstract: There was range of disadvantages in the informal roadside metalwork fabrication apprenticeship practice in North Western Nigeria that includes the lack of appropriate Technical skills to better serve the society. The purpose of this research was to identify those Technical skills desirable for the informal roadside metalwork fabrication apprenticeship practice in Nigeria. To this effect an investigation was carried out through survey research, using questionnaire instrument and interview as entailed by methodological triangulation. The survey research was conducted using140 population of master craft persons from sampled workshops in seven states of North West geo-political zone of Nigeria. Interview of 10 participants was made, who were randomly selected from, Industry-based trainers, lecturers and instructors within the seven states in North Western Nigeria. The interviews were conducted to have a balance result. Open coding was made, followed by Axial coding, Selective coding was lastly made, results were interpreted as they complemented the descriptive results which entailed the methodological Triangulation method. To validate the results obtained from methodological triangulation, eleven Delphi panel of experts were involved. Binary analysis and Kendall’s coefficient of concordance (Kendall’s Wa ) were used to measure and determine the consensus of the experts on the Technical skills items. Positive results were obtained because, the level of consensus between the participants was strong, the Technical Skills needed items score was 0.621. The result also indicated an inter-judge reliability. Suggestions were made for the improvement of the sector, as the appropriate and valid Technical skills needed were outlined. 
Keywords: Technical skills, apprenticeship practice, validation