Renewable Energy; Identifying Potential and Development of Solar Energy to Contribute to Sustainable Energy Delivery in Pakistan
Madeeha Altaf, Visiting Faculty, Department of Architecture, Lahore, Pakistan.
Manuscript received on 18 February 2018 | Revised Manuscript received on 27 February 2018 | Manuscript published on 28 February 2018 | PP: 28-33 | Volume-7 Issue-3, February 2018 | Retrieval Number: C5288027318/18©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Pakistan, a developing country of South Asia, is an energy deficient country. The power sector of the country is suffering due to inadequate capacity and insufficient fuel supply to its power plants, resulting in load shedding. Pakistan despite being greatly blessed with Renewable Energy resources depends on fossil fuels for electricity generation. The reliance on fossil fuels is not only effecting foreign currency reserves of the country but also increasing Green House Gas emission. According to estimates, share of renewable energy in total energy mix is around 1%. This paper highlights the potential of renewable energy development in Pakistan with particular focus on the potential and development of solar energy in the country. The estimated potential of solar energy is 2.9 Million MW in Pakistan. The exploitation of solar energy resource can contribute to sustainable development and also offers socioeconomic benefits. This paper also illustrates the potential applications and benefits of solar energy, and the sustainability of this technology. In addition, the barriers to solar energy development despite its enormous potential have also been discussed.
Keywords: Energy Crisis, Renewable Energy, Solar Energy, Sustainable Energy Delivery
Scope of the Article: Renewable Energy