Identification of Best Fit Learning Models Based on Calibration for Better Classification of Autism
Roopa B. S.1, R. Manjunatha Prasad2
1Roopa B. S.*, Department of ECE, DBIT, Bengaluru, India.
2Dr. R. Manjunatha Prasad, Department of ECE, DSATM, Bengaluru, India.
Manuscript received on January 06, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on February 05, 2020. | Manuscript published on February 30, 2020. | PP: 2090-2094 | Volume-9 Issue-3, February 2020. | Retrieval Number: C5205029320 /2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.C5205.029320
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: This paper is intended to exhibit the novel approach to improve the efficiency of the supervised learning models towards the accuracy of the predictions made to classify the autism from that of the normal subject. The state of the art is about 60-75% of Autism classification accuracy. The early prediction of autism plays a vital role as the rise of autism is alarming. The invasive way to analyze the problem at the earliest would render much support to the Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) community. In this work, various supervised learning models are first tested on 1101 subjects with 530 ASD subjects and 571 Normal subjects. The Datasets worked are collected from Autism Brain Imaging Data Exchange (ABIDE) repository. The performance measure is calibrated in terms of Brier score which is an accuracy measure of the predictions in probabilistic way. After assessing in probabilistic way, the statistically emphasized models are then evaluated for the same set of data to validate the prediction model efficiency with their statistical measures made and hence developing the confidence of the model selection for better classification based on probability calibration (CAL). The performance evaluation of the model is tested with probability calibrated assessment and found that for given dataset the SVM and Logistic Regression provided better accuracy measure compared to other considered learning models. It is necessary to frame a hypothesis measure on the dataset before any model is deployed. This approach helps to identify the desired and validated supervised model for the given data samples.
Keywords: ASD, SVM, Calibration (CAL), Supervised Learning Models (SLM).