Quality Assessment of Strengthened Concrete by FRP Laminates using Non-Destructive Testing
W. F. Tawhed1, Yasmen R. Elsayed12
1Waleed F. Tawhed*, Civil Engineering Department, Helwan University, Cairo, Egypt.
2Yasmen R. Elsayed, Civil Engineering Department, Helwan University, Cairo, Egypt.
Manuscript received on February 06, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on February 10, 2020. | Manuscript published on February 30, 2020. | PP: 1179-1188 | Volume-9 Issue-3, February, 2020. | Retrieval Number: C5170029320/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.C5170.129320
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: A non-destructive testing program has been designed to evaluate the integrity of the bond strength of plain concrete beams strengthened by Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer (GFRP) Laminates. A series of concurrent static load and non-destructive testing experiments were carried out in the materials and testing laboratory at the college of engineering, Mataria, Helwan University, Cairo, Egypt. A total of 90 plain concrete standard beam specimens of dimensions 150 mm x 150 mm x 750 mm were constructed in the laboratory with three different design strength categories (38, 45, and 50) MPa. The beam specimens were strengthened by externally bonded GFRP laminates with various number of layers namely (3, 5 and 7) layers. In addition, the effect of debonding of the GFRP laminates was investigated by simulating it by variation in voids between concrete and laminates namely, (0, 30 and 60%). This study investigates the effectiveness of externally bonded GFRP laminates on the flexural strength of plain concrete beams by using Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity (UPV) device before and during loading until failure and their effect on the p-wave velocities. Four-point flexural tests were performed on the concrete beams, strengthened with different layouts of GFRP laminates and different percentage of voids at the concrete-laminate interface. The capacity of the beams and p-wave velocity were investigated. It was found that as the percentage of voids decreased, the capacity of strengthened concrete beams increased linearly. The reduction in voids enhanced the beam flexural behavior and controlled tension crack propagation. In addition, it was observed that use of GFRP laminates were more effective with higher concrete characteristic strength provided that debonding is not present. Finally, it was evident that the UPV technique was successful in detecting the variation in concrete p-wave velocity with strength and laminate layers variation.
Keywords: FRP Laminates; FRP strengthening; Laminates debonding; Non-destructive testing; UPV testing