Ergonomics and the Prevention of Musculoskeletal Strain and Back Injuries
Muhammad Abdus Samad

Muhammad Abdus Samad, Department of Industrial and Production Engineering, ShahJalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet3114, Bangladesh.
Manuscript received on 15 February 2017 | Revised Manuscript received on 22 February 2017 | Manuscript Published on 28 February 2017 | PP: 40-43 | Volume-6 Issue-3, February 2017 | Retrieval Number: C4827026317/17©BEIESP
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Abstract: As technology becomes more complex, so ergonomics is undoubtedly destined to play an increasingly important role in industrial production and industrial health and safety. At the workplace, ergonomics places equal emphasis upon greater system efficiency and improved health of the individual. Ergonomics must be involved in fitting the tool and machine to the worker by design, fitting the worker to the machine by selection and training, and the optimization of the ambient environment to suit the man or the adaptation of the man to tough environmental conditions. Ergonomics aims to promote efficiency, safety and comfort at work situation in industry through better relationship between man, his tools and the work environment. This paper deals about the injuries such as backaches, neck aches, and other muscular strains due to bad seating and incorrect working posture and how to prevent them by designing of workstation that will be very comfortable and convenient to work at. This paper also discusses the optimal conditions for the workers, reduction of physical workload, improvement of working postures and facilitating psychosensorial functions in instrument handling, and so on.
Keywords: Back injury, Workstation Design, Human Factor, Productivity and Anthropometry.

Scope of the Article: Healthcare Informatics