Sustainable Trend in Mitigating Fuel Emissions and Load Performance of Internal Combustion Engine (Empirical Research)
Abdelgader A.S. Gheidan1, Mazlan Bin Abdul Wahid2, Opia Anthony Chukwunonso3

1Abdelgader A.S. Gheidan*: School of Mechanical Engineering, (Thermo-Fluid) Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM, Skudai, Johor, Malaysia.
2Prof. Mazlan Abdul Wahid: School of Mechanical Engineering, (Combustion/Thermo-fluid) Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM, Skudai, Johor, Malaysia.
3Opia, Anthony Chukwunonso: School of Mechanical Engineering, dept. of Aeronautics, Automotive and Ocean Engineering. Universiti Tecknologi Malaysia.
Manuscript received on August 07, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on August 15, 2020. | Manuscript published on August 30, 2020. | PP: 314-320 | Volume-9 Issue-6, August 2020. | Retrieval Number: C4741029320/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.C4741.089620
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Abstract: As technology strives with increase in energy demand, there is need of adopting reliable techniques towards maintaining green environment without affecting production. Knowing fossil and biomaterial feedstock with different percentages of NOx emissions generation. This research reviews the effective ways of reducing the various pollutants (NOx, CO, HC and smoke) emissions from different fuel types (petroleum and biodiesel). This centered on some factors on high generation of NOx emissions from biofuel and fossil which include flame adiabatic temperature, molecular structure of the bio-material (biofuel)and fossil, load conditions and ignition delay time. The paper further stated the adequate methods for reduction of NOx, HC, smoke and others for both in pre and post combustion approaches. However, the observed results from the adopted technologies indicates that EGR introduced, reduced the NOx emissions at about 5-25% EGR rate when used with bio-fueled engine. This is achievable via controlling the combustion peak temperature and oxygen content, also shows significant drop in CO and HC emissions. Finally, with this techniques and modifications, the fuel emissions will be greatly minimized for better environment for operational activities.
Keywords: Combustion, Fuel emissions, NOx reduction methods and NOx reduction after treatment