Polarization and Frequency Reconfigurable Antenna using Metasurface: Analysis, Review and Proposal
Vishnu D1, Shahul Hameed T A2, Sheeba O3, Ajitha S S4
1Vishnu D, Department of Electronics and Communication, University of Kerala, Kerala India.
2Dr. Shahul Hameed T A, Department of Electronics and Communication, TKM College of Engineering, Kollam (Kerala), India.
3Dr. Sheeba O, Department of Electronics and Communication, TKM College of Engineering, Kollam (Kerala), India.
4Ajitha S S, Department of Electronics and Communication, TKM College of Engineering, Kollam (Kerala), India.
Manuscript received on 31 January 2023 | Revised Manuscript received on 09 February 2023 | Manuscript Accepted on 15 February 2023 | Manuscript published on 28 February 2023 | PP: 61-68 | Volume-12 Issue-3, February 2023 | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijeat.C40310212323 | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.C4031.0212323
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Wireless communication technology experienced drastic developments during the last few decades. Meanwhile the reconfigurable antenna had attracted more researchers because of its growing needs in various applications. Reconfiguration was performed to replace numerous antennas with single reconfigurable antenna which is capable of changing the Frequency, Polarization, Radiation Pattern etc. Antenna reconfigurability is attained by deploying several switching mechanisms among them electronic switching mechanisms are commonly used because of its simple integration, reliability, and efficiency. In this paper, review of various implementation techniques for antenna reconfiguration using metasurface are studied. Some of the reviewed factors are: Metasurface is the distribution of electrically small scatters called two-dimensional metamaterial. Metamaterial is an artificially built periodic array structure which consists of subwavelength cells. Some of the reviewed challenges in reconfiguration of the antenna are modeling of reconfigurable reflectarray, low-profile, high gain, unidirectional radiation pattern etc. Finally, some of the features, parameters and fundamental properties for designing reconfigurable antenna were investigated. Based on the study conducted, reconfigurable structure for 5 G application using metasurface is proposed.
Keywords: Polarization, Frequency, Polarization Reconfigurable antenna, Metasurface, Metamaterial
Scope of the Article: Wireless Communication