Analysis of Labour Productivity of Road Construction in Pakistan
Abu Bakar Muzamil1, Bilal Khurshid2
1Abu Bakar Muzamil.  Assistant, Construction Engineering & Management Department, Military College of Engineering, National University of Sciences and Technology, Risalpur Campus, KPK, Pakistan.
2Dr.Muhammad Bilal Khurshid. Associate Prof. Military College of Engineering, National University of Sciences and Technology, Risalpur Campus, KPK, Pakistan.
Manuscript received on January 25, 2014. | Revised Manuscript received on February 15, 2014. | Manuscript published on February 28, 2014. | PP: 153-159  | Volume-3, Issue-3, February 2014. | Retrieval Number:  C2618023314/2013©BEIESP

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Abstract: Construction industry is one of the most labour incentive industries and human resource covers a large project cost. Labour productivity has always been a key issue for project managers to improve their project results. Now productivity studies are getting special emphasize in developing countries after developed countries. Construction industry is basically composed of building and infrastructure projects. Usually productivity studies are focussed towards overall construction industry or mostly building projects. It’s obvious that the impact of factors varies with type of construction and other different aspects of project. This study is specifically carried out to identify the critical factors which are responsible for poor labour productivity of road construction in Pakistan. The study was carried out through questionnaire based survey. Questionnaire was composed of 65 productivity factors they were grouped in 13 categories. Respondents were categorized in 2 groups i.e., management workers and manual workers. Respondents were asked to rank the factors based on their experience of road construction. The number of responses achieved were 212 and results were tabulated based on relative importance index. Top three identified critical factors affecting labour productivity of road construction in Pakistan are poor salary, poor execution planning and inefficient equipment. The researchers and project managers can get assistance from the study to establish reforms for achieving better labour productivity.
Keywords:  Critical Factor, Productivity.