Influence of High-Performance Routing Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks
S.K.Susee1, B.Chidambararajan2
1S. K. Susee, Part Time Research Scholar, Anna University, Chennai (Tamil Nadu), India.
2Dr. B. Chidambararajan, Principal Professor, SRM Valliammai Engineering College, Chennai (Tamil Nadu), India.
Manuscript received on 29 May 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 11 June 2019 | Manuscript Published on 22 June 2019 | PP: 651-654 | Volume-8 Issue-3S, February 2019 | Retrieval Number: C11390283S19/19©BEIESP
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Abstract: Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) can be termed as a group of tiny and cheap devices which are known as sensor nodes which can communicate information that has been monitored over the wireless links. The information is forwarded via multiple nodes to other networks associated with a gateway. The performance of the sensor networks greatly depends upon the routing protocols being used in the underlying network. Based upon the structure of the network, protocols used for routing in WSN have been classified as flat routing, hierarchical or cluster based and location based routing. Out of these three categories clustering methods gain the importance because it provides an efficient and scalable structure of the network. This paper aims at presenting the clustering based routing protocols and its types to improve the performance of the WSN.
Keywords: Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN), Cluster Based Routing, Heuristic Based Approach, Meta Heuristic Based Approach.
Scope of the Article: Wireless ad hoc & Sensor Networks