Comparative Performance of Ceramic Coated Diesel Engine with Mohr Oil in Crude and Biodiesel Form
T. Ratna Reddy1, M.V.S. Murali Krishna2, Ch. Kesava Reddy3, P.V.K.Murthy4
1T. Ratna Reddy, Research Scholar, Mechanical Engineering, Rayalaseema University, Karnool, (Andhra Pradesh), India.
2M.V.S. Murali Krishna, Mechanical Engineering Department, Chaitanya Bharathi Institute of Technology, Gandipet, Hyderabad, (Andhra Pradesh), India.
3Ch. Kesava Reddy, Research Scholar, Mechanical Engineering, Rayalaseema University, Karnool, (Andhra Pradesh), India.
4P.V.K. Murthy Jaya Prakash Narayan Educational Society Group of Institutions, Mahabubnagar, (Andhra Pradesh), India.
Manuscript received on January 19, 2013. | Revised Manuscript received on February 12, 2013. | Manuscript published on February 28, 2013. | PP: 588-596 | Volume-2 Issue-3, February 2013.  | Retrieval Number: C1138022313/2013©BEIESP

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Abstract: Investigations were carried out to evaluate the performance of a low grade low heat rejection (LHR) diesel engine with ceramic coated cylinder head with 3-mm air gap with different operating conditions [normal temperature and pre-heated temperature] of crude mohr oil (CMO) and mohr oil based biodiesel (MOBD) with varied injection pressure and injection timing. Performance parameters of brake thermal efficiency, exhaust gas temperature, volumetric efficiency and sound intensity were determined at various values of brake mean effective pressure (BMEP).Exhaust emissions of smoke and oxides of nitrogen (NOx) were recorded at the various values of BMEP. Combustion characteristics at peak load operation of the engine were measured with TDC (top dead centre) encoder, pressure transducer, console and special pressure-crank angle software package. Conventional engine (CE) showed compatible performance, while LHR engine showed marginally increased performance with vegetable oils (CMO & MOBD) operation at recommended injection timing and pressure. The performance of both version of the engine improved with advanced injection timing and at higher injection pressure when compared with CE with pure diesel operation.
Keywords: Crude Mohr oil, Bio-diesel, CE, LHR engine, Fuel Performance, Exhaust Emissions, Combustion Characteristics.