Design of an Elliptical Patch Antenna for RF Energy Harvesting Application in 2.4 GHz Frequency band
N. Ferdous1, Goh Chin Hock2, S. Hamidah3
1N.Ferdous*, College of Engineering, University Tenaga Nasional, Jalan IKRAM-UNITEN, Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia.
2Goh Chin Hock, College of Engineering, University Tenaga Nasional, Jalan IKRAM-UNITEN, Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia.
3S. Hamidah, College of Engineering, University Tenaga Nasional, Jalan IKRAM-UNITEN, Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia.
Manuscript received on November 20, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on December 10, 2019. | Manuscript published on December 30, 2019. | PP: 4242-4245 | Volume-9 Issue-2, December, 2019. | Retrieval Number: B4937129219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.B4937.129219
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: In this paper, the design and prototype of an elliptical patch antenna is presented, which operates at the frequency of 2.4 GHz frequency band. It harvests energy from ‘Radio Frequency’ waves. The elliptical antenna has an antenna substrate made with FR4 board with dielectric constant of 3.95. The paper presents the simulation results of the basic parameters of the antenna such as: return loss, input impedance, bandwidth, gain, directivity and efficiency. The experimental results for return loss, band width and input impedance was also presented in the paper. The antenna has a gain of 5.84 dB, directivity of 6.25 dBi, return loss of -43.35 dB, bandwidth of 373 MHz, input impedance of 50.35 Ω and efficiency of 90%. The high gain, properly matched impedance for minimum return loss and high efficiency of the antenna make it eligible for energy harvesting application.
Keywords: Patch antenna, Energy harvesting, Radio Frequency, Antenna design.