Application of Sustainable Transport Policies in Areas of High Frequent Density Campus of Jadiriya
Joan Atheel Ahmad1, Bisam Ehessan AL-Hafiz2, Senan Adeel Alhasan3
1Joan Atheel Ahmad, College of Engineering, Department of Computer Engineering University of Mosul, Mosul, Iraq
2Bisam Ehessan AL-Hafiz, College of Engineering, Department of ArchitectureUniversity of Mosul, Mosul, Iraq.
3Senan Adeel Alhasan College of Education for Pure Science, Department of computer science University of Mosul, Mosul, Iraq.
Manuscript received on November 22, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on December 15, 2019. | Manuscript published on December 30, 2019. | PP: 4223-4230 | Volume-9 Issue-2, December, 2019. | Retrieval Number: B4934129219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.B4934.129219
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: This research investigates and discusses theimplementation ofthe master plan for transport and parking at the campus of University of Baghdad in 2017. Although the master plan emphasizes on economic benefits and revenue, it is benefit of environmental sustainability. Thus, there is a need to effectively implement the master plan and provide new proposals on sustainable transportation to reduce the number of private car parking spaces. The work began by analyzing the earlier designed general parking outline in university’s master plan to determineif it meetsthe requirements of buildings after successive implementation. The success or failure of the master plan in relation to reduction in the demand for parking was also assessed. A statistical model was developed to represent the relationship between the area of roads required and the number of cars in parking, and the group of independent factors that are believed to have an impact on these numbers as well as to forecast future needs as regards parking spaces. The distribution of parking cars was found not be neither environmentally sustainable nor socially justifiable, given the clear variation in access time on foot from the nearest parking lot to the workplace. Nonetheless, the over 23% of non-users of vehicles on campus can contribute to the actualization of the concept of sustainable transport (walking). Therefore, this study recommends the preparation and implementation of detailed designs of sustainable transport and parking programs to reduce the planning, environmental, social and economic problems that exist in the master plan of the university campus.
Keywords: Parking spaces; Jadiriyah; Car Sharing; Campus of Jadiriya; Biking; Green track.